Every day is a school day. I say that a lot, and it’s true. In every walk of life, hobby or job, you’re always learning. Diecast is no exception. I’m always chasing unusual and rare diecasts, especially from countries I have visited or that I have a connection with. I’ve looked at a Greek Bedford, a Soviet VAZ, a Spanish SEAT and Czechoslovakian Skodas. And I have more oddities to look at. But I haven’t yet covered anything from the Balkans, and up until very recently didn’t even know this thing existed.
This is the Yugo/Zastava Koral by… well, we’ll get to that in a little more detail shortly, but I can’t do an article about the Yugo without touching upon the history of the vehicle.
The little Yugo is one of the most infamous and recognisable automobiles of the last 50 years. Often derided as one of the worst cars ever made, the Yugo was in production for almost 30 years from 1980 to 2008. And in my opinion, the poor reputation is a little unfair.
Zastava had much success with license building examples of the Fiat 128 and the Yugo has its roots in a Fiat design for a shortened 128 variant. Built in Kragujevac in what was then Yugoslavia, the Yugo was one of the cheapest vehicles on sale anywhere, not just in the home market. Sales across the globe were initially good and the Yugo was exported to a huge number of countries including China, Chile, Egypt, Greece, Tunisia and the UK among others. The Yugo also had a very successful launch in the US where Malcolm Bricklin imported the car from 1985 and sold over 140,000 until sales ceased in 1992.
Quality on early examples was relatively good, but the Yugoslav conflicts of the 1990s put huge strain on production and exports. Stories of poor reliability and build quality became widespread but devotees of the Yugo argued that due to the low purchase cost, owners were treating the vehicle as a disposable item and therefore failing to undertake basic care and maintenance tasks. If properly maintained they argued, a Yugo could last as long as any other car. And maybe they were right. In Southern Europe and the Balkans you can still encounter examples soldiering on like this Zastava badged car I found in Athens, Greece in 2019.
The Yugo certainly provided “motoring for the masses” in the home market, and gave many families their first taste of new car ownership with a lot of happy memories. The poor reputation had stuck however, and despite nearly 800,000 being sold before production ended in 1998, the Yugo often finds itself branded “the World’s worst car”. That’s not a fate that will befall this miniature anytime soon though. It’s just too cool.
Finding it was truly a learning experience and my gratitude has to go out to my friend Neven who provided this example and also educated me on the history of the casting. The original toy was made by Auro Metal, based in the Northern Yugoslav (now Serbian) city of Subotica. The brutal Yugoslav implosion of the 1990s swiftly put paid to production at the Auro Metal plant but the tooling and licenses were sold in 1991 to GMK Metalbox, a Hungarian toy manufacturer from the Szépvölgy area of Budapest. Early versions featured the metal chassis of the Auro Metal cars but they were swiftly replaced with plastic items when stocks were exhausted.
My example is a police car based on the Auro Metal “Milicija” (Yugoslav Militia) version.
It’s a little on the crude side but it has bag loads of charm. The bonnet is a tiny bit too long but the rest of the proportions are instantly recognisable and there’s an opening rear hatch and a removable light bar in case you don’t want the police look.
You’ll all know by now what kind of vehicles excite me and the Yugo is one of them. This diecast has the combination of everything that I look for when collecting: interesting subject, rarity, obscurity, cool factor.
From purchase to putting this post together, this car has given me a great amount of happiness and in the spirit of Lamley, that is true tranquil collecting.
(My thanks goes out to Neven at Dnevna doza autića as without him this article would not exist. Finding these Metalbox/Auro Metal cars is rare, but follow this link for diecast Yugos!)
12 Replies to “Yugo where I go: Metalbox (Auro Metal) Yugo Koral”
Nice unusual model. New to the hobby, you hit on the sense I have been trying to develop and define…… “tranquil collecting”.
Happy to help 😊
Only for true, Yugo is based on FIAT 127, not shortened 128.
Just for true, Yugo is based on FIAT 127, not shortened 128.
Thank you, I had read it was a 128 based design, but I always like to learn!
Thank you, dear friend 🙂 BTW, in introduction of your article, you mentioned that you haven’t yet covered anything from Balkans…
Well, except that Aurometal Yugo, there is firm “Mehanotehnika” from Izola, ex -Yugoslavia, today Slovenia. They made model cars, like Jet car de Norev (1:43) and Mini jet Norev (1:66) under licence. Some models from late ’80s, like Visa, Renault 5, Chevy Blazer etc. have insctription “TTK Mehano” on base. They also made bigger plastic model (cca 1:16 – 1:18), with or w/o remote control under Schuco licence.
Other small model cars manufacturers in ex-Yugoslavia made plastic models: “Metaloplastika”, Šabac (today Serbia), “Marčanka”, Marčana (today Croatia) and “Jugoplastika”, Split (today Croatia).
Hello my friend!
Thank you for your kind words and information 🙂 I have some Mehanotehnika cars in my collection, indeed I just repaired a Citroën Visa last week! Check out my Instagram and Facebook page to see pics of it as well as my Mehano Renault 14 and Fiat 1800. I will look out for the other models you mentioned! Always interested to find odd brands here and there! 😊
Can I contact you somehow? I left a comment here, but for some reason it did not appeared, with information regarding this and other Hungarian die-cast you may find useful.
There’s a link to my instagram and facebook at the bottom of the article 🙂
Yeah, I saw that. I did not really do those, but I will try to do my best with FB. Damn, I am old. 😎
It’s easy when you figure it out! Haha :p If you would like my personal email or WhatsApp, give me a message on Facebook, I would be happy to talk 🙂
I succeeded! In the meantime! I left a comment on your FB page at the post, (FB have good day, let me log in, which is next to a miracle. I could not use it at all for months, because of a well known, but no fix bug.) I hope you will find it useful. I am super glad you cover (partially) Hungarian stuff, so if there is anything I can help you with regarding such topics, please drop me a line!